A few hours later he became Pope Innocent VIII. Transfusion Medicine Reviews Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 1991, Pages 228-235 History of the First Blood Transfusion but a Fable Agreed Upon: The Transfusion of Blood to a Pope Subscribers get more award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. By some accounts, the first transfusion was performed on Pope Innocent VIII in 1492; some claimed that he was transfused with or—at the very least—had drunk the blood of Jewish boys. The blood transfusion given to Pope Innocent VIII is often. The very idea was frightening to some. Men like Christopher Wren, Thomas Willis, and Robert Boyle soon began injecting dogs with a variety of fluids—water, milk, beer, wine, opium—in order to test Harvey’s claims. © 1954 Oxford University Press referred to, be it only incidentally, as in a recent paper of Maluf.1. Doctors came to believe that they could blood into the veins via the same route that food took to get into the body. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. © 2021 Scientific American, a Division of Nature America, Inc. Support our award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. Or dogs become philosophers? Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at, Taking Charge of Your Life and Your Death, Nature's Nuclear Reactors: The 2-Billion-Year-Old Natural Fission Reactors in Gabon, Western Africa. In 1492, Infessura noted that the blood of three boys was given to Pope Innocent VIII, who had fallen into a coma. Rivers of blood run throughout human history—its wars, its violence, its science. Galen believes that drinking of blood from dogs prevent rabies. Explore our digital archive back to 1845, including articles by more than 150 Nobel Prize winners. Both animal and human bodies were little more than machines. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Then, like ravenous beasts, they pounce. option. The story that Pope Innocent VIII was transfused on his deathbed in 1492 with the blood of three young boys is a myth. If this were indeed the case, then transfusing the blood of one species into the body of another would be—once again anachronistically speaking—little more complicated than changing the oil in a car. The first recorded “transfusion” was in 1492 in Rome, and the purpose was to rejuvenate Pope Innocent VIII through the transfusion of blood from three healthy boys. All three donors died of hemorrhaging, while the thrice punctured pontiff barely outlived them." He was prescribed with one solution blood transfusion. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and are not necessarily those of Scientific American. When Pope Innocent VIII was on his deathbed in 1492, his doctors bled three young boys, killing them, and had the pontiff drink their blood to restore his health. But what if Descartes was wrong? Menstrual Blood women tend to become forgetful and lunatic. The first blood transfusion from one human to another is reported to date from 1492, for Pope Innocent VIII. But in the earliest battles for blood’s dominance, one thing is nonetheless certain…Medea would have been proud. Emboldened, Denis plucked a mentally-ill man off the streets of Paris and performed a series of blood transfusions. Little or nothing was known at that time about blood types (ABO), HLA or disease transmission. Three boys agreed to give him blood for just one gold coin. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. The German physician Andreas Libavius speculated in the late sixteenth century that it could indeed be possible to transfer the blood of a healthy person into a sick one "to bring him the fountain of life and drive away all languor." Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. But Harvey’s theory of circulation  (and it was initially just that, a theory) paved the way for natural philosophers to begin imagining the possibility of putting things into veins and arteries for the first time. The first recorded attempt of a blood transfusion was described by the 15th-century chronicler Stefano Infessura. It has become familiar to millions through a diverse publishing program that includes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, school and college textbooks, business books, dictionaries and reference books, and academic journals. The only thing that differentiated humans from animals was that they had the ability to speak, think, and reason. William Harvey’s discovery of blood circulation in 1628 shifted in dramatic ways how blood was understood. One of the most frequently quoted candidates for this noteworthy honour is Pope Innocent VIII, Giovanni Cibo, who was reputedly ‘transfused’ some time between 1490 and 1492. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Frightening enough to lead them to take matters into their own hands. The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American. 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