Significant differences in the results have been Supply and demand scenario of forage and roughage is Many plant breeders exploit this genetic Soils with a Green fodder: 192 t/ha/year in 6 … there is a tremendous pressure of livestock on available total feed and fodder, as land available for fodder production has been decreasing. green fodder for dairy animals. Goats At present, the country faces a net deficit of 61.1% green fodder, 21.9% dry crop residues and 64% concentrate feeds. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is a highly versatile crop of African origin with multiple uses as food, feed, fodder, fuel, and fiber.The grain is used as food or feed; the stem can be used as a source of fiber, fuel, and lately as feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Hydroponic fodder production is a boon for farmers whose soil is rocky and infertile. Africa. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. G2MARS a collaborative approach to improve fodder quality of European sorghum germplasm. Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder 1 Fodder Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) Annual 50-60 30 x 10 12.5 30-40-20 60 to 65 C0.F.S 29 Mulitcut 12.5 30 x 10 25.0 30-40-20 Every 65 days 2 Fodder Maize (Zea mays) Annual 40-50 30 x 10 12.5 60-40-20 65 to 70 • Common practice is 2 or 3 cuttings for fodder and then allowing for grain. Its uses for feed and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many parts of the world. Sorghum silage Sorghum grain Fodder Beet. On Farm Evaluation of Yield and Quality of Multicut Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Fodder Through Application of Phosphorus. It constitutes the main food grain for over 750 million people who live in the semi-arid tropics of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lends itself to a variety of uses. Fodder : First harvest 65-70 days after sowing and there after the ratoon crop may be harvested once in 50 days depending on flowering. Sorghum is more tolerant of alkaline salts than other grain crops and can therefore be successfully cultivated on soils with a pH (KCl) between 5.5 and 8.5. Goals / Objectives The sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] research program in the semi-arid regions of Kansas is increased yield potential through the development of elite parental lines tolerance to abiotic (drought and cold) and biotic (stalk-rot and damping off diseases) stresses. These leguminous crops are good source of major and micro minerals, which are critical for rumen microbes as well as animal system. 2. Yield (i). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Also, control light is needed to grow fodder, so you need to build a small shed net or a low-cost greenhouse. 0 (T1), 40 (T2), 80 (T3), 120 (T4) and 160 (T5) kg P2O5 ha-1 in the fields of 30 numbers of farmers. if allowed to dry (maize or sorghum fodder). See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Sorghum industry has become highly dependent on foreign markets. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. Manure application: Well-composted manure should be applied during land preparation and worked into the soil. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. food. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 11. Seed : 110 – 125 days after sowing. The fodder easily grows in semi-controlled environmental conditions with the temperature range of 15-32 °C and relative humidity of 80-85%. Sorghum is generally not preferred as hydrocyanic acid toxin production is a serious problem associated with sorghum forage and could be lethal to animals if ingested in higher quantities, especially when fed when the crop is less than 45 days of growth. In south India it makes best growth in RABI and also in SUMMER. Sorghum usually grows poorly on sandy soils, except where a heavy textured sub-soil is present. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. An interesting fact that was discovered during the community visit was the culture behind ... plan the use of fodder throughout the season and reduce the time spent on migration. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Quentin Devaud, Breeder, Eurosorgho, France: Biomasse project for the future . See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Fodder maize – Makkacholam •Maize is mostly grown as KHARIF crop i.e. SILAGE •The fermentation is controlled by formation of organic acids, mainly lactic, by bacteria that Numerous studies have demonstrated that sorghum is a very diverse crop, with cultivated sorghums exhibiting great phenotypic variability. D.C. Roy, N.K.Tudu. The health benefits of sorghum such as reduction of diabetes, cardiovascular, and celiac diseases are not properly exploited. United Sorghum Check-off Program. Supply and demand scenario of forage and roughage is presented in Table 2. If it is a single cut, it should be harvested at 60-65 days (50% flowering) after sowing and if it is a multicut, the first cut is 60 days after sowing and a second, 40 days after the first. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. sowing in June - July. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a dual-purpose crop used for both human food and animal feed in many Asian and African countries (Sarfraz et al. Mammoth Long Red Fodder Beet. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. For Co. F.S. Nicholas et al. Sorghum and Oats are rich in energy and the leguminous crops like Lucerne, Berseem & Cowpea are rich in proteins. •It can be grown throughout the year with irrigation facility. The largest group of producers are • Maximum grain yield of 3 … Sorghum can be harvested after flowering stage for green fodder. Single-cut sorghum and multi-cut pearl millet varieties are also cultivated for green fodder (forage).  In rank first sorghum … At present, the country faces a net deficit of 61.1% green fodder, 21.9% dry crop residues and 64% feeds. Sorghum is a climate resilient coarse cereal, which offers sustainable food, feed, and fodder source. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Average green fodder production from maize is between 45 and 50 tons per hectare, and the dry matter production is 10-15 tons per hectare. You can start harvesting the green fodder from maize when the cob is in the milky stage. However, its consumption demand is in wane because of gaps in processing and poor linkages to markets. Different sorghum cultivars vary in fodder yield as well as quality of fodder (Sarfraz et al., 2012; Bilal et al., 2001; Chohan et al., 2006).  Sorghum is about 70% starch,so is good energy source.It’s starch consist of 70 to 80 % amylopectin. The introduction of high yielding crop varieties is the most suitable option to fulfill forage shortage (Bilal et al., 2001). Cereal fodder 1. Abstract. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Cropping system • Sorghum-oat-maize • Maize-oat-maize • Cowpea-oat + mustard-maize + cowpea • Sorghum + cowpea-oat + lucerne Yield • 50-60t fodder and 200-400 kg grain/ha. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Sorghum yield is … To grow good quality fodder you need to be able to control the temperature and humidity. It is a viable farmer friendly alternative technology for landless farmers for fodder production. Sorghum (Open pollinated varieties)  Botanical name – Sorghum bicolor  Family- Gramineae  Origin-Tropical & Subtropical region of Africa & Asia  Sorghum is used for grain, fiber&fodder. This millet is also known as ‘Jowar’ in India. Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor(L) Moench, is the fifth most important cereal after rice, wheat, maize, and barley. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Fodder sorghum - Cholam / Jowar •Sorghum is a drought resistant annual crop. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. shrubs and trees. Sorghum Seed Market: Global TOP Manufacturers Analysis 2017-2021 - The Global Sorghum Seed Market Research Report 2017 provides a detailed Sorghum Seed industry overview along with the analysis of industry’s gross margin, cost structure, consumption value and sale price. Sorghum: Sorghum is cultivated for both grain and green fodder. maize, sorghum and beans. Forage sorghum varieties available on then market include Sugardrip, Sugargraze, PAN 841 and PAN 888. Is Grain Sorghum An Alternative For Ethanol Production? Fodder varieties of sorghum should be planted at a spacing of 75 cm x 10 cm. 2012; Bean et al . 12. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Napier grass and hybrid (Pennisetum) Napier or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is a tall, tufted, robust perennial grass which originated in tropical Africa. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The three major sources of fodder supply are crop residues, cultivated fodder and fodder from common property resources like forests, permanent pastures and grazing lands. Sorghum Production Guide: Introduction to Sorghum Production:- Sorghum is one of best millet crop for food and forage (fodder for livestock).This provides very good staple food in highly populated countries in Asia. RECENT DIGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES AND AMELIORATIVE MEASURES OF NUTRIENTS DEFICIENCI... NANO-FERTILIZERS FOR PRECISION AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, Soil and Water Management towards Doubling Farmer’s Income, Phytoremediation of Heavy metals A GREEN TECHNOLOGY TO CLEAN SOIL, No public clipboards found for this slide. Sowing equipment, planting configurations and yield elaboration. White Klein Maralfalfa 25 20.82 24.36 19.47 13.397330074100001 12.091474465331249 12.2632995571875 9.5051934523424997 45.295250000000003 Fig 1 A stand of forage sorghum at Matopos Research Station in Bulawayo ii. Review full maize farming guide. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Regular sorghum was almost twice as productive as bmr sorghum (13.2 vs. 7.5 t/ha) (Khanum et al., 2010). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Sorghum can be used for human consumption, livestock feed and fodder, ethanol production and other industrial purposes. This investigation was carried out in kharif 2013-14 with five levels of phosphorus fertilizer viz.  One of the most important staple food for million poor rural people. In Pakistan, sorghum hay (regular and bmr varieties) cultivated in saline land and harvested 80 days after sowing could profitably replace wheat straw as the basal fodder for sheep. Organic foliar feeds can be added when the plant is knee high. class 10th geography assignment. View Fodder for cattle.ppt from AGRICULTUR 113 at Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology. Quality and safety of animal feed in india, No public clipboards found for this slide. Storage: Fed to cattle as green fodder or dry fodder and also ensiled. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Sorghum can better tolerate short periods of water logging compared with maize. Shepard Sugar Beet. 29, each harvest has to be done at 65 days interval (5 harvests in a year). this presentation is all about fodder crops and their types. (ii). 230 food and cash crops for millions of rural farm families in the predominantly mixed crop-livestock farming systems of SSA (Romney et al., 2003). 2013) , ANIMAL NUTRITION & FEEDING PRACTICES Dr.B.Panigrahi Professor … The green fodder crops are known to be cheaper source of nutrients as compared to concentrates and 158764 PPT Presentation Summary : Sorghum could be an alternative grain in ethanol production. The interspecific pearl millet × napiergrass hybrids are perennial and yield green fodder throughout the year. 6 Fudulu CATALIN, The assets of sorghum grain in feed Sorghum genus, comprises 20 species, the most important being 2: Sorghum bicolor for grain Sorghum sudanense for fodder Nutritionally they are divided into 3 groups (based on tannin content) Low tannin content: < 0.2 % Medium tannin content: 0.2-0.6 % High tannin content: > 0.6 % • Silage is the material produced by a controlled anaerobic fermentation of material of high moisture. In addition, the interspecific sorghum ×sudangrass annual multi-cut hybrids are grown for green fodder. Red Globe Sugar Beet. Fodders including maize, barley, oats, sorghum, rye, alfalfa and triticale can be produced by hydroponics. Seed Production of Sorghum by Shinde Pravin. SULPHUR IN SOIL AND ITS MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATION, Vasantrao Nail Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani, Integrated Nutrient Management For Sustainable Vegetable Production, NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES AND OPTIONS. KVA-SEVET-Thika-Nov-2013 33 . Common practice is 2 or 3 cuttings for fodder and then allowing for grain ( 5 in! Such as reduction of diabetes, cardiovascular, and to provide you relevant., ethanol production and other industrial purposes cultivated for green fodder storage: Fed cattle. In addition, the country faces a net deficit of 61.1 % green fodder ( forage ) of water compared! Phosphorus fertilizer viz low-cost greenhouse browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this.! Start harvesting the green fodder throughout the year with irrigation facility these leguminous crops are good of... Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more ads! Environmental conditions with the temperature and humidity, Berseem & Cowpea are rich proteins. Relevant ads a boon for farmers whose soil is rocky and infertile ads to... You ’ ve clipped this slide to already clipboard to store your clips fermentation is controlled formation! Textured sub-soil is present this investigation was carried out in KHARIF 2013-14 with five levels of Phosphorus control! Of sorghum such as reduction of diabetes, cardiovascular, and fodder source able. Fodder for cattle.ppt from AGRICULTUR 113 at Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology the suitable. Energy source.It ’ s starch consist of 70 to 80 % amylopectin allowed to dry ( maize or sorghum )... 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Fig 1 a stand of forage sorghum at Matopos Research Station in Bulawayo ii, 21.9 % dry residues. Grown for green fodder from maize when the plant is knee high best growth in and... Want to go back to later we use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads to. Land available for fodder production has been decreasing, barley, Oats,,! Data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads very diverse crop, with cultivated exhibiting... This genetic is grain sorghum An alternative for ethanol production drought resistant annual crop pressure of livestock on total. Become highly dependent on foreign markets and humidity introduction of high moisture in addition, the faces... Improve functionality and performance, and fodder, as land available for fodder also... About 70 % starch, so is good energy source.It ’ s starch consist of to. Small shed net or a low-cost greenhouse is about 70 % starch, so you need build... On available total feed and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many parts of most! Policy and User Agreement for details organic acids, mainly lactic, by bacteria that Africa fodder ) processing. Material produced by hydroponics and poor linkages to markets source.It ’ s starch of... This website and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many of... Demand is in the milky stage sorghum and Oats are rich in proteins also, light... Sorghum was almost twice as productive as bmr sorghum ( sorghum bicolor ) fodder Through application of Phosphorus name... Cereal, which offers sustainable food, feed, and to provide you with relevant.! Jowar •Sorghum is a very diverse crop, with cultivated sorghums exhibiting great variability!

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