Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the quake occurred at a relatively shallow 5 km (3 miles), which can help cause more damage. An interview with Dr Chris Leathart, GP, Christchurch and a member of the bpac nz Clinical Advisory Group. Christchurch Earthquake, 2011. This was the first time It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. In the weeks and months that followed, after the damage had been surveyed, it was determined that thousands of buildings in the city would have to be demolished and that some areas might have to be abandoned altogether because the quake had rendered the land dangerously unstable. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. As Britannica’s article on earthquakes relates: About 50,000 earthquakes large enough to be noticed without the aid of instruments occur annually over the entire Earth. This manuscript presents an overview of The earthquake struck on March 11, 2011, at 2:46 pm local time. With an estimated 10,000 houses requiring demolition and over 100,000 damaged, plans were developed for moderate-term temporary housing. Though this earthquake had a lower magnitude (6.3), it has caused massive devastation and left much of the city in ruins, in part because its epicenter was closer to the city and because it struck in the middle of the day. Lauren Bacall, 1924 - 2014. Rescue workers blocking access to a collapsed building in central Christchurch, New Zealand, after the earthquake that struck February 22, 2011. Christchurch is also served by an international airport and the South Island Main Trunk Railway. Woman surveying the damage to her home near Christchurch, close to the epicentre of the earthquake that struck New Zealand's South Island on Sept. 4, 2010. Once dependent primarily on its rich agricultural environs, Christchurch expanded in the latter half of the 20th century to become New Zealand’s second most important industrial centre, aided by good transportation facilities, adequate supplies of artesian water, and plentiful, inexpensive hydroelectric power. In September 2010 a strong earthquake struck Christchurch and its surrounding region; although there were no fatalities, the city suffered extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure. Christchurch was founded by the Canterbury Association, which was formed in 1848 largely through the efforts of John Robert Godley and planned to establish a model Church of England settlement. Ultimately, more than 180 people were confirmed dead in the February quake. Economic Effects of the Canterbury Earthquakes. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. Online encyclopaedia. It struck the Canterbury region of the island and caused a lot of damage and many deaths in Christchurch, New Zealand's second largest city.. Omissions? © 2006-2014 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Britannica.com | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use/Legal Notices | Blog Archive | Contact Us, In case you're mulling the relative ranking of. On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. M ark Mitchell—New Zealand Herald/AP Two large tremors struck the Christchurch m etropolitan area during the early afternoon on June 13, 2011. Corrections? Very great earthquakes occur on average about once per year. The following map is the U.S.G.S. The New Zealand defence forces have been called in to help move people out of the central business district.Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV… In August 2013 work was completed on a temporary replacement for the Anglican cathedral. Four days after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck near Christchurch, New Zealand, rescue crews from seven nations are on the ground, still hopeful they may find survivors. Updates? Of these, approximately 100 are of sufficient size to produce substantial damage if their centres are near areas of habitation. Intensity map by the U.S. Geologic Survey. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ... Be on the look out for the Britannica for Parents newsletter to deliver insightful facts for … Christchurch and its surrounding region were struck by a strong earthquake on September 4, 2010—about magnitude 7, centred approximately 20 miles (30 km) west of the city. The Departm… Despite the destruction, some sources have said that “[t]hanks to modern building codes and sound disaster insurance policies, the damage from Tuesday’s devastating New Zealand earthquake was limited.”. ... Christchurch Earthquake Kills 185. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Christchurch-New-Zealand, The Official Site of Christchurch City Council, Official Site of Christchurch, England, United Kingdom, Christchurch - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The devastation is so severe that some have even referred to the event as “New Zealand’s 9/11. Although its magnitude—about 6.3—was less than that of the 2010 quake, it caused greater devastation, in part because its epicentre was at a relatively shallow depth and was located close to the city and because it struck in the middle of the day. Because much of the city’s land is devoted to parks, public gardens, and other recreation areas, Christchurch has earned the nickname “Garden City of the Plains.” One of the nation’s principal educational centres, it has Lincoln University (1990; originally established in 1878 as a constituent agricultural college of the University of Canterbury), Christ’s College, and the University of Canterbury (1873). In February 2011 Christchurch was struck by another, far more-damaging earthquake whose epicentre was located just a few miles from the city’s central business district. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The memorial was envisaged as a place of local, national and international significance where individuals could reflect and large groups can gather. Gillian Needham took this iconic photo from her home in Cashmere minutes after the 22 February 2011 earthquake struck Christchurch. It shows the city's CBD enveloped in a cloud of dust. It was centred at a depth of 7 km (4.3 mi), about 5 km (3 mi) south-east of Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by a magnitude 6.2 M W earthquake in February 2011. As the earthquake struck at a busy time and at the town centre, a busy place more, damage and casualties happened then the previous 7.1 magnitude earthquake in 2010 than the 6.3 magnitude earthquake in 2011, more people were killed, a total 185 deaths and 2 … This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and help… Rescue workers blocking access to a collapsed building in central Christchurch, New Zealand, after the earthquake that struck February 22, 2011. For a haunting gallery of pictures, the New Zealand Herald has put together a “then and now” comparing photos of structures before and after the quake. It was about 5 km underground. The port’s chief exports include coal, wool, meat, dairy products, and wheat; chief imports are petroleum products, fertilizers, iron, and steel. It was the last and most successful colonizing project inspired by Edward Gibbon Wakefield and his New Zealand Company. Prime Minister John Key has said that “we may well be witnessing New Zealand’s darkest day.” While the death toll at the time of this writing was at 75 confirmed, it was certain to grow as several hundred people were missing. Earthquake, any sudden shaking of the ground caused by the passage of seismic waves through Earth’s rocks. In addition to aid organizations in your country, here are some ways that you can help the victims of the earthquake. 2010-2011 Christchurch earthquakes is currently estimated to be in the range between 25 and 30 billion NZ dollars (or 15% to 18% of New Zealand’s GDP). Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, also called Canterbury earthquakes, [Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–2011: woman surveying the damage to her home near Christchurch [Credit: Greg Bowker—New Zealand Herald/AP]] series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late February 2011. shake map of the quake’s intensity. Encyclopedia, dictionary and atlas. Although its magnitude—about 6.3—was less than that of the 2010 quake, it caused greater devastation, in part because its epicentre was at a relatively shallow depth and was located close to the city and because it struck in the middle of the day. More than 160 people were confirmed dead in the weeks after that quake, and dozens more remained … With a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale, it was one of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded. About 100 people were treated at hospital with earthquake … On Tuesday 22 February, 2011 at 12.51 pm the lives of hundreds of thousands of Cantabrians were changed forever. This was the second major earthquake to hit the city; the previous quake occurred on 4 September 2010 and registered at a 7.1 magnitude. Tue 22 Feb 2011 08.18 EST. Prime TV documentary on the Christchurch earthquake. The world has been mobilizing to send aid to New Zealand, whose first responders have been overwhelmed by the quake. However, the violent magnitude 6.3 earthquake that devastated Christchurch on 22 February 2011 was caused by movement along a fault that does not appear to have broken the surface. Geologic instability in the region continued for months, and aftershocks—including one estimated at magnitude 6.0—caused additional property damage and some injuries but no fatalities. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Learn more about the causes and effects of earthquakes in this article. Less than six months later, on February 22, 2011, another quake struck Christchurch. ... after the earthquake that struck on February 22, 2011. According to the New Zealand Herald, “Police say more than 100 people may have been lost in Christchurch’s quake-ravaged Canterbury TV building, which they say is ‘unsurvivable’.” In addition, some 80% of the residents do not have access to water. On February 22, just five months after Christchurch, known as the “Garden City of the Plains” for its extensive land devoted to parks, public gardens, and other recreation areas and located on the South Island of New Zealand, was hit with a strong earthquake of about magnitude 7 centered approximately 20 miles west of the city, the city was once again rocked with a major quake. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. The Christchurch Earthquake: New Zealand’s “Darkest Day” (Photo), devastating New Zealand earthquake was limited, Ratio and Proportional Reasoning using MiC, Inside the Classroom with Pathways: Science. The spire of ChristChurch Cathedral has completely collapsed. Talk about a class act. Proclaimed a city in 1862 and made a borough in 1868, Christchurch was expanded in 1903, and it is now the most populous city on South Island and the second largest city (after Auckland) in New Zealand. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 2011 Christchurch Earthquake Day IV. Less than six months later, on February 22, 2011, another quake struck Christchurch. Among the structures slated for demolition was the city’s venerable Victorian-era Anglican cathedral. A number of contributors to QuakeStories who were in the CBD at the time of the earthquake saw the dust cloud and knew that it meant buildings would be down: Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 M w earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST. (2006) 360,768; (2012 est.) On February 22, just five months after Christchurch, known as the “Garden City of the Plains” for its extensive land devoted to parks, public gardens, and other recreation areas and located on the South Island of New Zealand, was hit with a strong earthquake of about magnitude 7 centered approximately 20 miles west of the city, the city was once again rocked with a major quake. The earthquake struck the Canterburyregion in New Zealand's South Islandand was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,New Zealand's second-most populous city. In February 2011 Christchurch was struck by another, more devastating earthquake. ... Two men charged with stealing three emergency generators a day after the Christchurch earthquake face a month behind bars after a special Christchurch District Court sitting this morning to deal with criminal cases in the wake of the quake. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Panoramic view of Christchurch and Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand. The quake killed 185 people and devastated the city centre. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Social effects of Canterbury Earthquakes. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). Encyclopedia Britannica Britannica School. Up to 50,000 residents moved permanently to other locations in New Zealand or to Australia. The Christchurch earthquake, February 2011. The 22 February 2011, M w 6.2-6.3 Christchurch earthquake is the most costly earthquake to affect New Zealand, causing 181 fatalities and severely damaging thousands of residential and commercial buildings, and most of the city lifelines and infrastructure. Time-lapse visualisation of the February 22 2011 earthquake and its aftershocks in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. Data from GNS Science, New Zealand. The city centre sustained significant damage and was evacuated. Although there were few serious injuries and no fatalities, the quake and its aftershocks (some of them severe) destroyed hundreds of buildings in the city and damaged railways, roads, and other infrastructure. The epicentres of each of these events, The March 11, 2011, earthquake was the strongest to strike the region since the beginning of record keeping in the late 19th century, and it is considered one of the most powerful earthquakes … Their settlement, known as Canterbury, was renamed for Christ Church, Oxford, the college Godley had attended. The original immigrants arrived on five ships in 1850–51. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 peoplein the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. Rescue workers block access to a collapsed building in central Christchurch, New Zealand, after the earthquake that struck on February 22, 2011. http://3news.co.nz/quake 3 News video footage from the 2011Christchurch Earthquake, New Zealand. This post provides an update in light of the Christchurch earthquake, including an explanation as to why this type of deformation can occur in tracks. World Book Online. Prime TV documentary on the Christchurch earthquake. Time-lapse visualisation of the December 23 2011 earthquake and its aftershocks in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. After each major earthquake, comprehensive field investigations and inspections were conducted Click … Other notable institutions are the botanical gardens, the planetarium, Canterbury Museum, and Yaldhurst Museum of Transport and Science, as well as several galleries, including the Christchurch Art Gallery and the Centre of Contemporary Art. Pop. 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